The Future

Here you have examples and uses of Future Forms:

  • WILL + Verb (base form)

Examples:

It will snow tomorrow.
She won’t win the election.

Used for predictions

Examples:

The concert will begin at 8 o’clock.
When will the train leave?

Used for scheduled events

Examples:

Will you marry me?
I’ll help you with your homework after class

Used for promises

Examples:

I’ll make you a sandwich.
They’ll help you if you want.

Used for offers

Examples:

He will telephone as soon as he arrives.
Will you visit me when you come next week?

Used in combination with time clauses (as soon as, when, before, after)

  • BE GOING TO + VERB (base form)

Examples:

Frank is going to study Medicine.
Where are they going to stay when they come?
She isn’t going to buy the new house afterall.

The future with ‘going to’ is used to express planned events or intentions. These events or intentions are decided on before the moment of speaking.

NOTE

‘Going to’ or ‘-ing’ are often both correct for planned events. ‘Going to’ should be used for distant future intentions (example: He’s going to study Law)

Examples:

Oh no! Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain.
Be careful! You’re going to drop those dishes!

Used for future predictions based on physical (usually visual) evidence.

  • PRESENT CONTINUOUS (be ‘-ing’)

Examples:

He’s coming tomorrow afternoon.
What are we having for dinner?
I’m not seeing the doctor until Friday.

Used for planned or personally scheduled events. Usually used with principle verbs such as: come, go, begin, start, finish, have, etc.

NOTE

‘Going to’ or ‘-ing’ are often both correct for planned events. ‘Going to’ should be used for distant future intentions (example: He’s going to study Law)

  • SIMPLE PRESENT

Examples:

The class begins at 11.30.
The plane leaves at 6 o’clock.

Used for scheduled public events such as train and plane schedules, course schedules, etc.

Common future time expressions include:

next (week, month, year), tomorrow, in X’s time (amount of time, i.e. two week’s time), in year, time clauses (when, as soon as, before, after) simple present (example: I will telephone as soon as I arrive.) soon, later

Here you can practise the future forms!

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This entry was posted in Face2face Intermediate, Grammar, Lesson 5, Speak Out Intermediate, Textbook, Unit 3. Bookmark the permalink.

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